The Election Commission Bangladesh is an individual and independent constitutional body of the state of Bangladesh that manage the legal activities of Election for holding a Free and Fair Election in Bangladesh. Democracy in which elementary human rights and freedoms and respect for the importance and value of the person shall be secured and also has some inborn features to possess for confirming its full swing working in a state.
Election Commission whose main job is to supervise, control and direct each and every step of the process to ensure free and fair election as a constitutional establishment is one amongst these inborn features that are given by the constitution of the people’s republic of Bangladesh represented on 118-125.
To secure the impartiality of elections, The Constitution announce that the Election Commission will be uncommitted and independent in the using of this functions and be subject only to the Constitution and any other law (118(4)).
Election Commission history Bangladesh
You know Bangladesh acquired independence on December 16, 1971, through a historic nine-month bloody war of liberation. After liberation war, the people of the Bangladesh have cast their votes directly in the following elections arranged by the Bangladesh Election Commission.
Election Rules in Bangladesh
- Bangladesh started its journey with Parliamentary System of Government, then switched over to Presidential System and in 1991 reverted back to Parliamentary system.
- General Election of Members of Parliament: The general election of members of Parliament is held within ninety days after Parliament is dissolved, whether by reason of the expiration of its term or otherwise than by reason of such expiration [Article 123 (3) of the Constitution].
- Qualifications and Disqualifications for Election to Members of Parliament: A person is qualified to be elected as a Member of Parliament if he is a citizen of Bangladesh and has attained the age of twenty-five years.
- Election Commission: According to Article 119 of the Constitution the superintendence, direction and control of the preparation of the electoral rolls for elections to the office of President and to Parliament and the conduct of such elections vest in the Election Commission which shall, in accordance with this Constitution. any other law –
(a) Hold elections to the office of President;
(b) Hold elections of members of Parliament;
(c) Delimit the constituencies for the purpose of elections to Parliament; and
(d) Prepare electoral rolls for the purpose of elections to the office of President and to Parliament.
- Electoral Roll: Article 121 of the Constitution provides that there shall be one electoral roll for each Constituency for the purposes of election to Parliament and no special electoral rolls shall be prepared so as to classify electors according to religion, race, caste or sex. Article 122 of the Constitution provides that the elections to Parliament shall be on the basis of adult franchise. A person shall be entitled to be enrolled as elector on the electoral roll for a constituency delimited the purpose of election to Parliament if he/she –
(a) Is a citizen of Bangladesh?
(b) Is not less than eighteen years of age ;
(c) Does not stand declared by a competent court to be of unsound mind; and
(d) Is or is deemed by law to be a resident of that constituency.